Chilka Lake is a brackish water estuary type lagoon sprawling across the east coast of India. It spread over the area of Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha and covers an area of over 1,100 sq. km, making it the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world. Chilka travel guide offers all the information in detail about this lovely place.
It is one of the biggest hotspots of biodiversity in India and a home to the world’s most exquisite migratory birds. It supports a large congregation of migratory birds during the winter spanning to 160 species of birds in the peak migratory season arriving from Russia and Central and South East Asia. This lake is also home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals. These birds cover great distances to reach Chilka Lake and some of them cover distances as long as 12,000 km for reaching Chilka.
Apart from the migratory birds, the lagoon is also home to around 37 species of reptiles and amphibians as well as rare and endangered Irrawaddy Dolphins. Microalgae, marine seaweeds, sea grasses, fishes and crabs also flourish in the brackish water of the Chilka Lake. The Chilka lagoon and its rich fishery resources sustain the livelihood for many fishermen who depend on the resources of the lake for their sustenance. There are few more facts in Chilka travel guide, which can be handy for the travelers.